Meaning of MosqueThe mosque is a house or building a place of prayer (prayer) of Islam. Mosque known as "the Muslim holy place" or "place of worship of Muslims", especially the ritual prayers.
In language, the mosque [مسجد] is Arabic, which means "place of prostration", taken from the word sajada [سجد] which means "bow down".
In the Minutes of Islamic literature, all the places used for prayer called the mosque. In a his saying, the Prophet called the entire surface of the earth used as a mosque for prayers.
... وجعلت لي الأرض مسجدا وطهورا, فأيما رجل من أمتي أدركته الصلاة, فليصل"The entire surface of the earth can be used as a mosque and purification tool for me. So anyone among my people who find time to pray, immediately he was praying." (HR. Bukhari & Muslim).
وأينما أدركتك الصلاة فصل, فهو مسجد"Wherever someone find time to pray, soon he prayed. Because the place is a mosque. "(HR. Bukhari & Muslim).
The Standing Committee was in Fataawa (Fatwa Council of Ulema of Saudi Arabia) noted:
المسجد لغة موضع السجود. وشرعا كل ما أعد ليؤدي فيه المسلمون الصلوات الخمس جماعة"The mosque is language means place of prostration, and understanding of sharia, mosque means any place that is prepared for the implementation of the congregation pray five times by the Muslims."No classification Mosque in Indonesia, ranging state mosque to mosque jami 'mosque and at the local level.
Understanding MusholaMushola may be small in size but not as a mosque, could also be in a building or even in the home. General understanding, prayer is "a place or a special room for prayer" (prayer room) at home, schools, offices, hotels, airports, and so on.
In Islam, prayer can not be equated and not judged as a mosque. In Fiqh Encyclopedia stated, Musholla house (a place of prayer in the house / musholla) is not an essential mosque, nor convicted of the mosque, so it should be transformed into the other room or perhaps the junub to sleep in it. (Al-Mausu'ah al-fiqhiyah, 5/212).
All building are not categorized not apply the provisions of mushola as a mosque, so there is no suggestion Tahiyatul mosque to pray two cycles --shalat circumcision as respect for God's house (the House), namely mosques.
Differences Mosque and Mushola
An explanation of the definition of mosques and prayer above, suffice gives an overview of what the differences between them, especially in terms of area or size of the building and function.Mushola sizes are usually small and do not be a place of Friday prayers that require a large room that can accommodate tens, hundreds, or thousands of people.
The mosque is spacious, templates made five daily prayers and Friday prayers, and a capacity of tens of thousands of people, there is also a management.
Allaah knows best bish-shawabi.